According to Ayurveda, the world is divided into three doshas or vital energies: Vata, Pitta y Kapha. The three doshas are the combination of the five universal elements: Space, Air, Fire, Water and Earth.
Each person is made up of his/her own dosha, or Prakruti, in which one of the three doshas predominates, although we all possess the three in different proportions.
Elements: Space and Air.
The Force of Movement.
The root Va, in Sanskrit, means movement. Space and Air predominate in Vata persons. The qualities of the Vata dosha are: dry, cold, moving, speed, light, rough and irregular.
The dry quality results in dry skin, dry hair, a hoarse voice, being thin, with a tendency to become constipated and perspiring little.
The qualities of moving and speed make them very active, with quick action and thought. They are creative, imaginative and with frequently changing interests.
The cold quality gives them cold hands and feet, with a tendency to get cold easily and a susceptibility for stiffness in the joints.
The most frequent imbalances in their skin are: dryness, wrinkles and premature ageing.
Elements: Fire and Water.
The Force of Digestion and Transformation.
Fire and Water predominate in the Pitta dosha. The qualities of Pitta are: hot, quick-witted, penetrating, pungent and slightly oily.
Those with Pitta predominance are usually of medium size and weight, have soft, sensitive, warm skin and fine hair. They have a tendency for premature greying of hair and hair loss.
Physiologically, they are strong. They have good digestion, a good appetite, and if they do not eat when hungry, they can get irritable and grouchy.
They are quick-witted and possess an excellent capacity to understand concepts. They are excellent speakers and leaders. They have a passionate character and strong determination.
The most frequent imbalances in their skin are: skin rashes, itching, eczema, inflammations and rosacea.
Elements: Water and Earth.
The Force of Structure and Cohesion.
Water and Earth predominate in Kapha. The qualities of Kapha are oily, dense, firm, slow, steady, heavy and cold.
Those of Kapha constitution possess solid and robust builds, with powerful and strong musculature. They have a tendency to gain weight.
The oily quality results in soft and oily skin, with thick hair.
The slow quality results in a slow digestion. They speak slowly and their movements are slow. Kapha is slow but sure. They do not easily get angry, but when angered, they take a long time to forget. They are faithful and have a calming presence .
The most frequent imbalances in their skin are: cystic acne, oily skin and pimples.